Turns out, flawless skin is achievable but only if you maintain a consistent skincare regimen. There are various factors to consider in selecting the right skincare ritual - the sequence of application, ingredients, type of products, and more.
Great skin is not just about genetics. It’s also about the care and effort you put in - from the food you eat, the amount of water you drink, and the type of clean, organic products you nourish your skin with.
Identifying Your Skin Type
Identifying your skin type is the first step and it helps in understanding the kind of skincare products that will suit your skin. Here’s how you can identify your skin type:
The Bare-Faced Method
Cleanse your face with a cleanser, and leave the skin bare. After 30 minutes, examine your facial skin for any shine. After another 30 minutes, look for dryness, especially when you smile or frown.
If your skin feels stretched and tight, then you have what’s called dry skin. If you notice a sheen on your nose and forehead, then it’s combination skin. If there’s a visible shine all over your face, then it’s most likely oily skin.
The Blotting Sheet Method
This is a quicker method, best used to differentiate dry and oily skin. Pat a blotting paper on different areas of the face and hold it up to bright light. Little to no oil means your skin is dry. If there is oil on the forehead and nose, then it’s combination skin and if the sheet is saturated with oil, then the skin is definitely oily.
The Different Skin Types
Genetics, or environmental factors like dehydration, seasonal changes, diuretics, etc., can leave skin dry, tight, and flaky. To counter, daily exfoliation is required which will soothe the skin without stripping off its natural oils.
Pro Tip: Hydrating moisturizers and oil-based face serums should be a part of your skincare routine.
Combination skin will require you to address different areas of the face. For instance, your cheeks may feel dry while your T-zone may be oily.
Pro Tip: Gentle daily exfoliation is needed to create a healthy balance between different areas of the skin.
Oily skin can lead to clogged pores. The upside is that oily skin keeps us looking younger as it delays wrinkles.
Pro Tip: Do a daily enzymatic exfoliation for promotion of cell turnover and prevention of sebum build-up in pores. There are other skin conditions such as dark spots due to PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation) and acne that need to be dealt with using the right products.
Step Up Your Skincare Routine!
While working on your skincare routine, remember to:
- Cleanse — Wash your face
- Tone — Balance the skin
- Moisturize — Hydrate and brighten the skin
A Step-By-Step Guide
- Begin by washing your face. Massage the cleanser into your face gently.
Pro Tip: You may get a cleanser for acne prone skin or dry skin as well.
- Apply a toner to hydrate and prep the skin for the next step.
- Apply a serum: In the morning, use face serums that contain antioxidants, including Vitamin C serums to protect the skin from free radicals. At night, it is best to apply serums with Hyaluronic Acid to prevent dryness.
Pro Tip: Water-based face serums are used before moisturizers and oil-based after.
- Apply an eye cream: The under-eye skin can be moisturized but if an eye cream is used, it should be done in conjunction with other products that are part of your daily skincare regimen.
- Using spot treatment: Acne spots are best dealt with at night so spot-treatment products should be applied then.
- Moisturize religiously during the day and night to keep the skin supple and hydrated.
- Use retinol-based skin care products to reduce dark spots, fine lines, and acne. If you have sensitive skin, it is best to use it only at night.
- Take four to five drops of face oil onto your palm, and gently massage it onto your face and neck.
- Apply sunscreen. Always remember to apply sunscreen 30 minutes before you step out of the house!
Some Final Remarks
Taking care of your skin can be challenging, no doubt, but it’s also rewarding. While you may be overwhelmed by the vast range of skincare products, it's best to experiment to understand what products work best for your skin type. Always remember that flawless, healthy skin starts with a flawless and consistent skincare routine.